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How to wire a VFD

Posted by Yin Tang 15/03/2016 15 Comment(s) Variable Frequency Drives,

How to wire a VFD


STEP 1: Make sure everything is correctly sized and accounted for.

  • Look at the nameplate on your motor and make sure your VFD is sized correctly.
  • How many full load amps does your motor draw?
  • Is your VFD rated for the amount of amps your motor draws?
  • How many volts does my motor require (460V or 230V)?

STEP 2: Make sure you have the properly size circuit breaker rated for your amps and VFD

  • Locate your breaker panel
  • Remove the dead front and the panel cover.
  • Install your 3 pole amp rated, volt rated, circuit breaker
  • If you can kill power to the breaker panel before you work inside it, we recommend you do so. If you are unable to do so make sure you wear the proper safety equipment. (leather gloves, safety glasses, arch fault gear)

STEP 3: Run Wire’s (3) power wires and (1) ground Wire from your breaker panel to your VFD

  • Make Sure your power wire is rated for the Full Load Amps (14 gage wiring up to 15 amps, 12 gage up to 20 amps, 10 gage wire up to 30 amps, 8 gage wire up to 40 amps, 6 gage wire up to 50 amps, 4 gage wire up to 70 amps, 2 gage wire up to 100 amps and so on).
  • If your power wires are #6 up to #2 your ground wire can be #10. For power wires larger than #2 see chart for proper ground wire sizing.
  • Use appropriate wiring method in determining your raceway for wires. Options are: Run wiring in EMT Conduit, Rigid Conduit, Flexible metal conduit (Flex), Metal Clad Cable (MC), NMB Cable (Romex) etc.

STEP 4: Run Wire’s from VFD to motor:

  • Use the same gage wires as you did from the circuit breaker to the VFD
  • Use proper raceway as you see fit
  • Land wires in conduit box on motor

STEP 5: Makeup wires in your motor

  • Use the wiring diagram on your motor to determine the correct wiring method
  • Most 3 phase motors are duel voltage meaning they will accept 480/460 volts or 240/208 VAC.
  • The way you make up the motor will be dependent upon the voltage. Be sure to make it up correctly depending on the amount of voltage you are providing.
  • Use wire nuts to tie your power wires to the proper wires as shown on the motor name plate.
  • Pull on wire nuts to make sure the wires are spliced correctly and tight. If a wire slips out of the wire nut you know you have a problem and need to redo it.
  • Fasten conduit box cover to motor

STEP 6: Terminate wires to your VFD

  • Terminate your load wires (Wires going to the motor) to the terminals U, V, W.
  • Terminate your line wires (Wires coming from the circuit breaker) to Terminals R/L1, S/L2, T/L3
  • If you’d like you can use crimp terminals. You can also just put a small hook shape in your stripped wire and land it under the screws.
  • Land your ground wires under the green ground screw.

STEP 7: Terminate your wires to your circuit breaker in your panel

  • Land your 3 power wires to the circuit breaker
  • Land your ground wire to the ground bus bar
  • Put the dead front and panel cover back on

STEP 8: Start up

  • Turn the circuit breaker on
  • Program your VFD to your preferred parameters (See also Programing your VFD).
  • Use your preferred starting method (i.e. start/stop buttons, Keypad on VFD) to start the motor
  • Enjoy the speed control you have with your Mitsubishi VFD

Leave a Comment

15 Comment(s)

chuck henderson:
21/11/2019, 06:23:39 AM

Hello, getting ready to buy a vfd for a metal drill press. it has 3phase power coming into a junction box then wires going to the motor and wires going to the switch. Motor starter. How will I need to wire this up to work with the vfd?

Ronnie Smith:
18/07/2019, 03:54:16 PM

I have a singal phase 4 pole 1 hp 110 ac motor, that’s all I have on the plate as far as info. ? 1. Can I covert it to 3 phase. ?2. Does using a VDF get rid of the capacitors. If all this can be done what VDF should I use and buy from you guys.

romeo s diaz:
12/05/2018, 07:49:42 AM

I want to know how to install VFD.

30/12/2017, 05:25:42 AM

please provide me simens vfd control wiring.

Idris mohammed:
16/12/2017, 09:10:31 AM

Sir welldone for this explanation, but I understand that this is for the power aspect sir, pls can you explain the control aspect of a VFD, i.e, the individual control terminal functions and their applications, such as input command,feedback, etc and description on how to use them(each terminal funtion).thank you Sir. Will be grateful

11/12/2017, 08:29:20 AM

Vcon inviter
Modl. mc00422
Control remot waring digram will be need

26/07/2017, 12:03:38 AM

Now,I m using invertor fr-d700. Last time, It have all parameter. After I set the parameter, some parameter automatically lost. Why?
Now, it has only p0....p9,p79,125,126,160,prcl,allc,ercl and prch.the other are lost.how to recall them? Thank you.

Alex Boadjoni:
16/12/2016, 01:51:04 AM

How to wire V F D

13/12/2016, 07:00:40 AM

You have make the vfd termenal function and how to use termenal

20/11/2016, 03:46:55 AM

Thanks a lot for giving us information concerning with FRDS,We learn more and increase knowledge and skills in our occupation.

23/10/2016, 03:32:23 AM

this is best description for vfd connection & very easy to understand.

03/10/2016, 02:53:55 PM

Can you please make a video of how to connect the wires from the circuit breaker to the VFD and VFD to motor?

11/02/2018, 06:52:51 PM

Don't go poking around in your circuit breaker box. Connect your VFD to a 220v power outlet. If you don't have one spare and near your work space then get an electrician to install an additional 220v outlet. It's not expensive and it will save you killing yourself.

I like a diy project and I do my own wiring mostly but I'd never ever go poking around inside my main breaker box. That's not a diy thing...

21/09/2016, 07:01:26 AM

So I just need to put it between the breaker and the motor, 3 wires and a ground. Need amps, volts (460), but what about horse power when I order my VFD?

03/09/2016, 05:35:27 AM

Hello my name is boahen Eric and am from Ghana.we live in a country where everything our university graduates learn theologically and has no practical aspects and they are willing to learn vfd, Scada,Plc,Hmimwe will be grateful if you can come and help us.You go to the universities and u negotiate with them I think u can make some money out of that.I Will be grateful to hear from you.Thanks .00233265713327

27/06/2016, 01:02:59 PM

Thanks sir for providing valuable information